작성일 : 15-03-19 12:49
미의회예산국의 Highway Trust Fund 관련 보고서
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   Highway_Trust_Fund_-_TransportationScoring.pdf (490.9K) [32] DATE : 2015-03-19 12:49:19
The Highway Trust Fund and the Treatment of Surface Trnasportation Programs in the Federal Budget
(Congressional Budget Office)
 
The federal government spends more than $50 billion per year on surface transportation programs, mostly in
the form of grants to state and local governments. Much of this spending is for highways and mass transit programs financed through the Highway Trust Fund. Those programs have an unusual treatment in the federal
budget, and the way they are classified in the budget facilitates the spending of more money from the trust fund than there are dedicated revenues to support such spending. Those revenues come from excise taxes on the sale of motor fuels, trucks and trailers, and truck tires, and from taxes on the use of certain kinds of vehicles.
This report of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) describes the status of the Highway Trust Fund and
options that the Congress might consider to address the imbalance between revenues and spending from the fund. Part of the discussion concerns the transportation programs’ unique budgetary classification and how that treatment limits the effectiveness of the standard mechanisms for budgetary control.
 
주요내용
 
The Highway Trust Fund
Alternatives for Funding Surface Transportation Programs
   Align Spending From the Highway Trust Fund With Revenues From User Fees
   Supplement User Fees With General Funds
Budget Process Issues for Surface Transportation Programs
   The Congressional Budget Process
   BOX: COMMITTEES WITH JURISDICTION OVER SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS AND FUNDING
   Budgetary Control Mechanisms
Options for Changing How Budget Enforcement Rules Apply to Surface Transportation Programs
   Treat the Budget Authority and Outlays as Mandatory
   Treat the Budget Authority and Outlays as Discretionary
   Treat General Fund Transfers as New Spending
 
 
 

 
   
 

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